When designing an artefact, we must be aware of our emotional responses, our feelings about the developing work. And these can be related to ideas of spiritual development in that traditional notions of right action – the personal ethic discussed earlier – can serve as a key source for making appropriate decisions. To this end, the designer has to try continually to ensure disciplined or mindful critique in order to recognize traits in the emerging work and, if appropriate, redirect it if it seems to be becoming associated with emotional responses that are dissonant with spiritual understandings of right action, right livelihood, right effort etc. It is just such critique that links personal meaning – comprising spirituality and substantive values – to creative decisions and thence to the nature of our human-made environment.

S. Walker